Physician Education and Scholarship Center

Depression

It is defined as a mental health disorder typically with lack of energy and interest in life.  The lifetime incidence of depression in the United States is 20% in men and 12% in women.  (www.emedicine.com)  If depression is not managed properly it can lead to suicide, increased use of alcohol or illegal substances, self-mutilation, work or school problems, social isolation and relationship difficulties.

Causes include genetics, stressors and neuroendocrine disorders.

Symptoms include change in weight, fatigue, headache, loss of interest, sadness, feelings of hopelessness, worthlessness and helplessness, suicidal thoughts, insomnia or excessive sleepiness, difficulty concentrating, anxiety and irritability.

Management includes psychotherapy, antidepressant medication and electroconvulsive therapy.

 
 

For statistics on depression in the United States as
provided by the Center for Disease Control
 please click on the image below.


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