Physician Education and Scholarship Center

Hypercholesterolemia

Hypercholesterolemia is defined as elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.  Approximately 50% of the population has an increased plasma lipid level which ultimately predisposes to coronary heart disease.  (www.clinicalkey.com)

Some causes include family history, cigarette smoking, hypertension, low HDL-C, sex, age and genetics.

Symptoms include chest pain, dyspnea, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, dizziness and light-headedness.

Physical examination reveals arcus senilis and xanthelasma palpebrarum.

Management includes exercise, dieting, weight loss and cholesterol reducing medications.

Image courtesy of the Center for Disease Control

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